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Colossians 3:16 Let the word of the Christ dwell in you richly, in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing yourselves in psalms, and hymns, and spiritual odes, with favor singing in your heart to the Lord!

ο λόγος του χριστού ενοικείτω εν υμίν πλουσίως εν πάση σοφία διδάσκοντες και νουθετούντες εαυτούς ψαλμοίς και ύμνοις και ωδαίς πνευματικαίς εν χάριτι άδοντες εν τη καρδία υμών τω κυρίω

Ephesians 5:19 speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual odes; singing and strumming in your heart to the Lord;

λαλούντες εαυτοίς ψαλμοίς και ύμνοις και ωδαίς πνευματικαίς άδοντες και ψάλλοντες εν τη καρδία υμών τω κυρίω

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Some people interpret psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs as referring exclusively to the psalms since all three terms (psalms, hymns, and odes) appear in the titles to the psalms. Others maintain that each term is a reference to a different type of song. What do these terms refer to?

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There are three keys in Ephesians 5:19:

"Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord"; KJV
 
1- Speaking to yourselves  (laloúntes heautoís) 
 
2-singing and making melody in your heart (psállontes teé kardía humoón)
 
3- to the Lord  (toó Kuríoo)
 
Psalms; (psalmoís), a Psalm
 
Hyms; (húmnois), a song in praise of God and/or Christ
 
Spiritual songs; (oodaís), Scriptures in a song in praise of God and/or Christ
 
 
 
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The Protestant Hymnal has been a very effective conduit for the introduction of heresy, because concepts set to music enter the mind through channels not normally subject to critical inspection.  Error in a sermon or an essay is much easier to detect that is error in the lyrics of a song.

The typical hymn-writer is long on emotion and short on his understanding of the Scripture.  Many of the lyrics of hymns are nonsensical and illogical; many contradict the Scripture; some even are blasphemous.

In the book of Psalms, the Lord God has provided for his people a body of lyrics which, being Scripture, are pure and edifying.  Those are the lyrics which ought be set to music and sung.

The phrase "psalms and hymns and spiritual odes" makes better sense if the Greek conjunction KAI is rendered "even" instead of "and," so that the verses in question read "psalms, EVEN hymns, EVEN spiritual odes".  The Apostle is viewing the same entities -- the Psalms (which is to say, the songs) found in the Book of Psalms -- from three vantage points.
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