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The typical reader of the Creation Account in Genesis gives little thought to the phrase, "the evening and the morning".  But what is the meaning of "evening"?  Precisely when does the day begin in the eyes of the Lord God?  The answer could have a bearing on the proper interpretation of the Account.

The Talmudic Jew reckons the day from sundown to sundown; but how is the murderer of Christ Jesus to be trusted regarding any matter?  Besides, speaking of Jesus as the Light of the World, the Scripture declares that men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil, John 3:19.  Thus, the Jew, who loves darkness, might well be expected to begin his day with the fall of night.

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Astronomically, there is but one epoch which may be determined with precision; that is the instant of transit.  A heavenly body, be it the Sun, the Moon, a planet, or a star, is said to be "in transit" when it is at the longitude of the observer, which is to say, when the heavenly body is at its highest point in the sky.  Thus, the Sun is in transit at high noon.

Sunset and sunrise vary with the local terrain.  The moment of sunrise or sunset may be measured with accuracy only by an observer on the ocean who has an unobstructed view of the horizon; even then, refraction phenomena render the measurement somewhat imprecise.

By definition, evening begins with the setting of the sun, and the sun begins setting at high noon.  Morning begins with the rising of the sun; thus, morning begins twelve hours after evening, at midnight.  A day is comprised of an evening followed by a morning.

The Lord God, who is characterized by light, began his work of creation with the command, "Let there be light."  Likewise, the work of each day of creation began at high noon, the evening preceding the morning.
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