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Genesis 1:6 KJV And God said, Let there be a firmament (H7549) in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.

Other versions have "expanse." Firmament entered English translations because the Latin Vulgate has "firmamentum."

Genesis 1:6 YLT And God saith, 'Let an expanse be in the midst of the waters, and let it be separating between waters and waters.'


"From H7554; properly an expanse, that is, the firmament or (apparently) visible arch of the sky"

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(1) The Ancient Hebrew Text may or may not utilize H7549 in the passage in question.

(2) From all indications, no copy of the Ancient Hebrew Text is extant.

(3) The Masoretic Hebrew Text, being a forgery created in the present Christian era, cannot provide the least insight into the reading of the Ancient Hebrew Text.

(4) The sole authority regarding the reading of the Ancient Hebrew Text is the reading of the Septuagint, for the Septuagint is a translation, the authenticity of which is attested by Christ Jesus and the Apostles by way of extensive citations which agree with the reading of the Septuagint.

(5) The sole authority regarding Masoretic Hebrew and the Masoretic Hebrew Text is the unregenerate Talmudic Jew, whose sole source is rabbinic commentary preserved in the vile Talmud.

(6) Perhaps the most fundamental rule of verbal communication is that the meaning of a word is determined by the context in which the word is used.  Accordingly, there can be no meaningful answer to a query regarding the correct translation of a given word unless the query identifies the context which is in view.

(7) With respect to any given word, a lexicon is nothing more than a catalogue of meanings which various speakers and writers have assigned to the word.  It is vital to understand that a lexicon is not a catalogue of permissible usages, and it is important to understand that no lexicon can be exhaustive.
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